Thanks to the park's geographic relief with distinct elevations you have great panoramic views over Paris, including views over the Sacre Coeur. This makes Buttes Chaumont one of the Parisians' favorite parks, especially popular for strolls and picnics during weekends.
Before the 19th century the area was less attractive as it once featured gallows where criminals were executed. Later it became a lime quarry and until 1862 it was used as a public waste ground.That year, the site was bought by the city of Paris. Napoleon III decided to create a park in the working-class neighborhood which had just been annexed to Paris.He turned to baron Haussmann who designed the park together with Adolphe Alphand, a landscape architect. After four years of construction, the park was officially opened as part of the festivities during the Universal Exhibition in 1867